New Delhi. In Kerala, now after Corona, another virus has raised human concern. It is the Nipah virus. On Sunday, a 12-year-old child died of the virus. Samples were taken from the victim’s body, which was sent to the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune for testing. Now NIV has confirmed the Nipah virus in the baby’s body. Currently, the central government has sent a team from Delhi to further investigate the virus in Kerala.
The first case of Nipah virus in South India was reported on May 1, 201 in Kozhikode district of Kerala. As of June 1, 2018, there were 17 deaths and 18 confirmed cases in the state. Nipah hit Ernakulam district again in 201 again. However, the number of patients did not increase at that time. Let’s take a look at the symptoms and treatment of Nipah virus.
What is Nipah virus?
Nipah virus is a zoonotic disease. That is, the disease spreads from animals to humans. The virus enters humans only through animals that have spines and skeletons. In addition, some cases of human-to-human transmission of the virus have been reported. For the first time in Malaysia, symptoms of the virus have been found in pig farmers. The disease came to the fore in 2001 in Siliguri, West Bengal and again in 2007. According to experts, this virus mainly resides in a specific area. That is, it is mostly confined to one area and it spreads when it comes in contact with patients.
How does Nipah virus spread?
The Nipah virus is spread by infected pigs or fruit bats. It is spread through saliva, urine or feces. According to the WHO, the virus is usually spread in Bangladesh and India through the consumption of fruits or fruit products (such as raw date juice). This fruit is contaminated with almond urine or saliva. This is the biggest cause of infection.
What are the symptoms of Nipah virus?
According to the WHO, infected people primarily develop symptoms such as fever, headache, myalgia (muscle pain), vomiting, and sore throat. This can be followed by dizziness and encephalitis. Some people may also experience abnormal pneumonia and severe breathing problems. Severe cases are encephalitis and seizures. Patients then go into a coma within 24 to 48 hours. The virus remains active for 4 to 14 days.
Is there any medicine or vaccine for this?
According to the WHO, there is currently no drug or vaccine to fight Nipah virus infection. Like Corona, patients here need good care.
How can this virus be prevented?
The WHO recommends that if Nipah virus is suspected, the animal enclosure should be abandoned immediately. Quarantine this place. To reduce the risk of infection in humans, kill infected animals. Bury the carcass of the animal under the supervision of an expert. The spread of the disease can be reduced by restricting or restricting the movement of animals from infected farms to other areas. The National Center for Disease Control recommends washing hands with soap and water after contact with patients or animals, refraining from eating raw date juice or toddy, eating only washed fruit, and refraining from eating half-baked fruit.