On Monday, U.S. health officials reduced isolation restrictions for Americans infected with the coronavirus within 10 to five days and similarly reduced the time for separation of close acquaintances. Officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say the guideline is in line with growing evidence that people infected with the coronavirus are most contagious before symptoms develop and within three days.
The decision was driven by the recent increase in COVID-19 cases driven by the Omicron variant.
Preliminary research suggests that Omicron may cause mild illness compared to earlier versions of the coronavirus. But experts say the number of infections and therefore isolated or isolated hospitals, airlines and other businesses threaten to undermine the ability to stay open.
CDC Director Rochelle Walensky says the country is seeing a lot of Omicron cases.
“All these cases will not be serious. In fact, many are going to be asymptomatic, he told the Associated Press on Monday. We want to make sure that we have a system through which we can follow science and carry on the activities of the society safely. “
Last week, the agency relaxed rules that previously told healthcare workers to stay out of work for 10 days if they tested positive. The new recommendation states that workers can return to work after seven days if they have a negative test and no symptoms. And the agency says the severance period is five days or less, if there is a severe staff shortage.
Now, the CDC is changing the isolation and segregation guidelines to make it less stringent for the general public.
The change targets people who are not experiencing symptoms. Those who have symptoms during isolation or those who have symptoms during quarantine are encouraged to stay at home.
Lindsay Wiley, an American University public health law expert, says the CDC’s isolation and segregation guidelines have confused the public, and the new recommendations come at a time when more people are testing positive for the first time and looking for guidance.
Still, the guidelines are going to be complicated.
Isolation rules are for infected people. These are the same for people who are not vaccinated, partially vaccinated, fully vaccinated or boosted.
ঘ The clock starts from the day you test positive.
An infected person should go for isolation for five days instead of the previously recommended 10 days.
শেষে At the end of five days, if you do not have any symptoms, you can return to normal activities, but for at least another five days, even others around the house should wear a mask everywhere.
• If you have symptoms after being isolated for five days, stay home until you feel better and then start wearing a mask all the time for five days.
Quarantine rules are for people who were in close contact with an infected person but did not become infected themselves. For quarantine, the clock starts ticking when someone is warned that they have been exposed to a virus.
Earlier, the CDC said that not all people were fully vaccinated and that those who came into close contact with an infected person should stay home for at least 10 days. Now the agency says those who get booster shots can avoid quarantine if they wear masks in all settings for at least 10 days.
It’s a change. Previously, people who were fully vaccinated could be exempt from two doses of CDC Pfizer or the modern vaccine or one dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
Now, those who have received their initial shots but not the booster are in the same situation as those who have been partially vaccinated or not vaccinated at all: they can close the quarantine after five days if they wear the mask in all settings for five days.
Postponing both isolation and quarantine after five days is not without risk.
Many people are tested when they first experience symptoms, but many Americans are tested for other reasons, preferring to see if they can go to family or work. This means that the results of a positive test cannot reveal exactly when a person became infected or give a clear picture of when they were most infected, experts say.
When people become infected, the risk of spreading significantly decreases after five days, but it does not disappear for everyone, says Dr. Aaron Glatt, a New York physician who is spokesman for the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
If you reduce it to five days, you will still have a small but significant number of infected people, he said.
That’s why wearing masks is an important part of CDC guidance, says Walensky.
The new CDC guidelines are not an order; This is a recommendation to employers and state and local officials. Last week, New York State said it would expand the CDC guidelines for healthcare workers to include employees who have other important work to do that are facing a serious labor crisis.
It is possible that other states will try to downplay their isolation and quarantine policies and try to get out before the CDC shift. Walensky said it would be helpful to have a uniform CDC guideline on what others can draw from, rather than a mix of policies.
Given the time with the growing number of lawsuits, the update is going to be felt as a response to pressure from business interests, Wiley said. But some experts have been calling for change for months, as short isolation and quarantine seemed to be enough to slow the expansion, he said.
The CDC’s move follows a decision last week by UK authorities to reduce the duration of self-isolation for vaccinated individuals who test positive for COVID-19.
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